How the first space mission was launched from the moon, with NASA’s Jim Lovell
NASA has been busy developing a new spacecraft for future space missions, but one thing it has not yet done is launch a human-rated mission from the surface of the moon.
The agency’s Mars 2020 spacecraft is the first to attempt to fly on the surface with the help of the Martian surface thruster, which uses the sun’s heat to propel the spacecraft into space.
It will attempt the feat with a landing at the Martian equator in 2018, but the spacecraft will have to make its way to the Red Planet’s surface to do so.NASA has been working for years to develop a Mars 2020 landing mission.
In January, the agency’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) announced a partnership with Lockheed Martin Corp. to develop the vehicle.
JPL is the largest user of Lockheed Martin’s Vulcan rocket engine, which is used to power the Vulcan spacecraft.
Lockheed Martin and JPL will use the Vulcan to test out landing techniques for the mission, and the two firms are expected to complete the work within months.
But for now, the JPL has focused on the landing phase, developing the first set of landing tests that will be performed on the Martian landscape and in a remote area of the Red Sea, a project that is expected to take between a year and three years to complete.
Lockheed’s Vulcan is the company’s only rocket-powered vehicle that can carry people into orbit.
For its landing tests, Lockheed Martin will use three types of thrusters: two engines designed for Mars landing and the third for Mars cruise.
Lockheed has built two of these engines, the Vulcan 1 and Vulcan 2, to perform NASA’s Mars mission.
Lockheed is working on a fourth Vulcan engine that will launch NASA’s Orion spacecraft into deep space, but it is still in the early stages of development.
“The Vulcan 1 engine is designed to deliver Mars landing to orbit, while the Vulcan 2 engine is a faster version of the Vulcan engine used to propel Orion to the deep space station,” JPL wrote in a NASA blog post announcing the partnership.
“In addition to providing a solid landing test, this engine can also be used to test the propellant-flow properties of the rocket itself.”
While the Vulcan lander has not been used in a space mission, the spacecraft itself has been successfully tested on the ground and the agency hopes to test it on Mars.
The landing test is designed for the spacecraft to take approximately 45 minutes to complete, and it will take the rocket to Mars’ equator, where it will be launched to the surface for a lander mission.
The first test will occur on September 11, 2020, and NASA has set a target of a landing in 2022.